CARNEGIE HALL PRESENTS

Performance Friday, December 5, 2014 | 8 PM

The Philadelphia Orchestra

Stern Auditorium / Perelman Stage
Haydn’s elegantly lyrical Cello Concerto in C Major casts a fond glance back to the Baroque period. Brahms also looked back to older music by embracing classical forms and revering great composers of the past, including Haydn. His Symphony No. 3 is constructed with the tautness of a Classical-era symphony, but also has a moving autumnal quality. Autumnal sentiments also pervade Strauss’s opera Der Rosenkavalier, a nostalgic tale of love in Vienna in the 18th century. Its opulent scoring, elegant waltzes, and ecstatic love music sing out in an orchestral suite.

Performers

  • The Philadelphia Orchestra
    Yannick Nézet-Séguin, Music Director and Conductor
  • Jean-Guihen Queyras, Cello

Program

  • BRAHMS Symphony No. 3
  • HAYDN Cello Concerto in C Major
  • R. STRAUSS Der Rosenkavalier Suite

  • Encore:
  • BACH Sarabande from Cello Suite No. 4 in E-flat Major, BWV 1010

Event Duration

The printed program will last approximately two hours, including one 20-minute intermission. Please note that there will be no late seating until intermission.

Bios

  • The Philadelphia Orchestra



    The Philadelphia Orchestra is one of the preeminent orchestras in the world, renowned for its distinctive sound, desired for its keen ability to capture the hearts and imaginations of audiences, and admired for a legacy of imagination and innovation on and off the concert stage. The orchestra is transforming its rich tradition of achievement, sustaining the highest level of artistic quality, but also challenging-and exceeding-that level by creating powerful musical experiences for audiences at home and around the world.


    Music Director Yannick Nézet-Séguin's highly collaborative style, deeply rooted musical curiosity, and boundless enthusiasm, paired with a fresh approach to orchestral programming, have been heralded by critics and audiences alike since his inaugural season in 2012. Under his leadership, the orchestra returned to recording with a celebrated CD of Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring and Leopold Stokowski transcriptions on the Deutsche Grammophon label, continuing its history of recording success. The orchestra also reaches thousands of listeners on the radio with weekly Sunday afternoon broadcasts on WRTI-FM.


    Philadelphia is home, and the orchestra nurtures an important relationship with patrons who support the main season at the Kimmel Center, and also with those who enjoy the orchestra's other area performances at the Mann Center, Penn's Landing, and other cultural, civic, and learning venues. The orchestra maintains a strong commitment to collaborations with cultural and community organizations on a regional and national level.


    Through concerts, tours, residencies, presentations, and recordings, the orchestra is a global ambassador for Philadelphia and for the United States. Having been the first American orchestra to perform in China, in 1973 at the request of President Nixon, today The Philadelphia Orchestra boasts a new partnership with the National Centre for the Performing Arts in Beijing. The ensemble annually performs at Carnegie Hall and the Kennedy Center, while also enjoying summer residencies in Saratoga Springs, New York, and Vail, Colorado.


    The Philadelphia Orchestra has a decades-long tradition of presenting learning and community engagement opportunities for listeners of all ages. The orchestra's recent initiative, the Fabulous Philadelphians Offstage-Philly Style!, has taken musicians off the traditional concert stage and into the community, including highly successful Pop-Up concerts, PlayINs, SingINs, and ConductINs. The orchestra's musicians-in their own dedicated roles as teachers, coaches, and mentors-serve a key role in growing young musician talent and a love of classical music, nurturing and celebrating the wealth of musicianship in the Philadelphia region. For more information, please visit philorch.org.



    Yannick Nézet-Séguin



    Music Director Yannick Nézet-Séguin continues his inspired leadership of The Philadelphia Orchestra, which began in the fall of 2012. His highly collaborative style, deeply rooted musical curiosity, and boundless enthusiasm, paired with a fresh approach to orchestral programming, have been heralded by critics and audiences alike. He has taken the orchestra to new musical heights. Highlights of his third season include an Art of the Pipe Organ festival; the 40/40 Project, in which 40 compositions that have not been heard on subscription concerts in at least 40 years will be performed; and Bernstein's Mass, the pinnacle of the orchestra's five-season requiem cycle.


    Yannick has established himself as a musical leader of the highest caliber and one of the most exciting talents of his generation. He has been music director of the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra since 2008, and artistic director and principal conductor of Montreal's Orchestre Métropolitain since 2000. He also continues to enjoy a close relationship with the London Philharmonic Orchestra, of which he was principal guest conductor. He has made wildly successful appearances with the world's most revered ensembles, and he has conducted critically acclaimed performances at many of the leading opera houses.


    Yannick and Deutsche Grammophon (DG) enjoy a long-term collaboration. Under his leadership, The Philadelphia Orchestra returned to recording with a CD on that label of Stravinsky's The Rite of Spring and Leopold Stokowski transcriptions. He continues a fruitful recording relationship with the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra on DG, EMI Classics, and BIS Records; the London Philharmonic Orchestra and Choir for the LPO label; and the Orchestre Métropolitain for ATMA Classique.


    A native of Montreal, Yannick studied at that city's Conservatory of Music and continued lessons with Carlo Maria Giulini and with Joseph Flummerfelt at Westminster Choir College. Among Yannick's honors are an appointment as Companion of the Order of Canada, a Royal Philharmonic Society Music Award, Canada's National Arts Centre Award, the Prix Denise-Pelletier, and honorary doctorates from the University of Quebec and the Curtis Institute of Music. To read Yannick's full bio, please visit philorch.org/conductor.

    More Info

  • Jean-Guihen Queyras



    Cellist Jean-Guihen Queyras has performed with many of the world's great orchestras, including London's Philharmonia Orchestra, the Orchestre de Paris, the NHK and Tokyo symphony orchestras, the Rotterdam and Netherlands philharmonic orchestras, the Tonhalle-Orchester Zurich, and the Leipzig Gewandhaus and Budapest Festival orchestras. He has worked with conductors who include Yannick Nézet-Séguin, Franz Brüggen, Günther Herbig, Iván Fischer, Philippe Herreweghe, Jiří Bělohlávek, Oliver Knussen, and Sir Roger Norrington. He is also a regular soloist with several early music ensembles, including the Freiburger Barockorchester and the Akademie für Alte Musik Berlin. In addition to his debut with The Philadelphia Orchestra, highlights of the current season include return visits to the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra and the Orchestre de Paris; performances with the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra and the Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana; and a European tour with pianist Alexander Melnikov performing a program of the complete Beethoven sonatas.


    An enthusiastic supporter of contemporary music, Mr. Queyras is committed to expanding the repertoire boundaries of his instrument. He regularly collaborates with such composers as Bruno Mantovani, Jörg Widmann, and Pierre Boulez, and he recently commissioned Thomas Larcher to compose a piece for solo cello and string orchestra, which will premiere in 2016. Mr. Queyras has also premiered concertos by Michael Jarrell and Johannes Maria Staud. In November 2014, he performed Peter Eötvös's Cello Concerto Grosso with the Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France in celebration of the composer's 70th birthday.


    Mr. Queyras has made numerous recordings for Harmonia Mundi, including Bach's complete solo Cello Suites, which received the Diapason d'Or; Elgar's Cello Concerto and Tchaikovsky's Rococo Variations with the BBC Symphony Orchestra and Mr. Bělohlávek; and, most recently, Beethoven's complete works for cello and piano with Mr. Melnikov. He is currently involved in an all-Schumann project, recording the string trios with his regular chamber music partners, Mr. Melnikov and violinist Isabelle Faust. Mr. Queyras is a professor at the Hochschule für Musik Freiburg. He plays a cello made by Gioffredo Cappa in 1696, on loan from the Mécénat Musical Société Générale.

    More Info

Audio

Strauss's Der Rosenkavalier Suite
The Philadelphia Orchestra | Eugene Ormandy, Conductor
Sony BMG Music

At a Glance

Vienna—the legendary “City of Music.” While none of the three composers featured tonight was born there, all lived in Vienna for extended periods and were deeply connected to its traditions.

Robert Schumann discovered Johannes Brahms in 1853, and wrote a glowing article that praised his extraordinary gifts. He held great expectations for the 20-year-old composer, especially with regard to writing symphonies. It took Brahms another 23 years to complete his first, a second soon followed, and tonight he hear the Symphony No. 3, which received its premiere in Vienna.

Much as we may dream of finding long-lost works of past masters, the reality is that most of what scholars stumble upon in archives are minor pieces or variants of those that are better-known. The discovery in the 1960s of Haydn’s Cello Concerto in C Major, a work long thought to be lost, was significant and added a wonderfully buoyant piece to the cello repertory.

Richard Strauss was not related to the legendary Viennese family of dance composers, notably the Waltz King Johann Strauss Jr., but his opera DerRosenkavalier evoked a mythic past for Vienna and features unforgettable waltzes. The concert concludes with a suite of beloved moments from the opera, among them the evocative horn prelude to Act I, the presentation of the silver rose, the marvelous concluding trio, and a variety of alluring waltzes.
Program Notes
This performance is part of The Philadelphia Orchestra, and Fabulous Fridays.