On September 29, bebop comes to Carnegie Hall for the first time when Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, and Ella Fitzgerald all make their Carnegie Hall debuts before a sold-out house.

The frenetic energy of bebop was a radical departure from swing and sparked open hostility in some musical circles. According to the great Duke Ellington, though, the revolution was inevitable. “Why should music stand still?” wrote Ellington in the concert program. “Nothing else stands still … Music is now in skilled hands.”

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