Performance Tuesday, March 4, 2014 | 7:30 PM

Leonidas Kavakos
Enrico Pace

Zankel Hall
Violinist Leonidas Kavakos and pianist Enrico Pace have been burning up concert halls together since 2006, performing electrifying works “suited to [their] felicitous chemistry” (The New York Times). The dynamic duo completes an entire series of just that kind of repertoire—Beethoven’s violin sonatas—with this final program that includes the composer’s beloved “Kreutzer” Sonata, affording audiences a rare opportunity to see exactly how an extraordinary collaboration can transform the experience of making music.


  • Leonidas Kavakos, Violin
  • Enrico Pace, Piano


  • BEETHOVEN Violin Sonata No. 1 in D Major, Op. 12, No.1
  • BEETHOVEN Violin Sonata No. 8 in G Major, Op. 30, No. 3
  • BEETHOVEN Violin Sonata No. 9 in A Major, Op. 47, "Kreutzer"

  • Encores:
  • KREISLER “Caprice Viennois,” Op. 2
  • KREISLER “Schön Rosmarin” from Old Viennese Melodies
  • KREISLER "Liebesfreud" from Old Viennese Melodies

Event Duration

The printed program will last approximately two hours, including one 20-minute intermission.


  • Leonidas Kavakos

    Leonidas Kavakos became internationally recognized while still in his teens when he won the Sibelius Competition in 1985 and, three years later, the Paganini and Naumburg competitions. Mr. Kavakos has since developed close relationships with the world's major orchestras and conductors, such as the Berliner Philharmoniker and Sir Simon Rattle, the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra and Mariss Jansons, the London Symphony Orchestra and Valery Gergiev, and the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra and Riccardo Chailly. In the 2012-2013 season, Mr. Kavakos was artist-in-residence with the London Symphony Orchestra and Berliner Philharmoniker, and he performed with the Royal Concertgebouw on its Jubilee tour. In the 2013-2014 season, he makes his debut with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra under the baton of Mr. Chailly. In the US, he regularly performs with the New York and Los Angeles philharmonics, the Chicago and Boston symphony orchestras, and The Philadelphia Orchestra.

    Mr. Kavakos has appeared as conductor-soloist with such orchestras as the Boston and Atlanta and symphony orchestras; St. Louis Symphony; Royal Stockholm and La Scala philharmonics; Finnish Radio, Gothenburg, and Vienna symphony orchestras; Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin; Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia; Budapest Festival Orchestra; and Chamber Orchestra of Europe. He makes conducting debuts this season with the London Symphony Orchestra and Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France.

    As a chamber musician and recitalist, Mr. Kavakos often appears at the Verbier, Montreux-Vevey, Bad Kissingen, Edinburgh, and Salzburg festivals. For 15 years, he also curated a chamber music cycle at the Athens Megaron Concert Hall in his native Greece.

    Since 2012, Mr. Kavakos has been an exclusive Decca recording artist. His first release on the label, Beethoven's complete violin sonatas with Enrico Pace, was nominated for a 2014 Grammy Award and garnered him the 2013 ECHO Klassik Instrumentalist of the Year award. In conjunction with the CD release, Mr. Kavakos presented the Beethoven cycle in many European cities, including London and Vienna with Emanuel Ax; and Amsterdam, Milan (where he and Pace were awarded the prestigious Abbiati Prize) and the Salzburg Festival with Mr. Pace.

    Mr. Kavakos's second disc with Decca, released in October 2013, is of the Brahms Violin Concerto with the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra. Later in the 2013-2014 season, he records the Brahms violin sonatas with pianist Yuja Wang, with whom he will subsequently give a series of Brahms recitals in major European cities.

    In November 2013, Mr. Kavakos was awarded an honorary doctorate by the New England Conservatory.

    Mr. Kavakos plays the "Abergavenny" Stradivarius violin of 1724.

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  • Enrico Pace

    Winning the 1989 International Franz Liszt Piano Competition in Utrecht launched Enrico Pace's international career. Since then, he has toured extensively, performing in cities such as Amsterdam, Milan, Rome, Berlin, London, Dublin, Munich, Salzburg, Prague, and various locations in South America. He has also performed at numerous festivals, including La Roque-d'Anthéron, Verbier, Lucerne, Rheingau, Schleswig-Holstein, and Husum.

    A popular soloist, Mr. Pace has performed with major orchestras, including the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra; Munich, BBC, Rotterdam, and Netherlands philharmonics; Bamberger Symphoniker; Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia; and Sydney and Melbourne symphony orchestras, among many others. He has worked with conductors such as David Robertson, Andrey Boreyko, Mark Elder, Lawrence Foster, Gianandrea Noseda, Carlo Rizzi, Vassily Sinaisky, and Antoni Wit.

    An avid chamber musician, Mr. Pace participates regularly in chamber music festival and has performed with the Keller Quartet, RTÉ Vanbrugh Quartet, Quartetto Prometeo, cellist Daniel Müller-Schott, clarinetist Sharon Kam, and horn player Marie Luise Neunecker.

    Mr. Pace enjoys ongoing partnerships with violinists Leonidas Kavakos, Frank Peter Zimmermann, and Liza Ferschtman. With Mr. Kavakos and cellist Patrick Demenga, he recorded Mendelssohn's piano trios (Sony Classical). His recording of the complete Beethoven sonatas for piano and violin with Mr. Kavakos was released by Decca Classics in January 2013 and was nominated for a 2014 Grammy Award. With Mr. Zimmermann, he recorded the Busoni Violin Sonata No. 2 and Bach's six sonatas for violin and piano, BWV 1014-1019, for Sony Classical. In 2011, Mr. Pace's solo recording of Liszt's Années de pèlerinage "Suisse" and "Italie" was released on the Piano Classics label to great acclaim.

    Highlights of past and coming seasons include solo engagements with the Netherlands Philharmonic, Residentie Orchestra, Hungarian National Philharmonic, Gothenburg and London symphony orchestras, and Rheinische Philharmonie; the Beethoven sonata cycle with Mr. Kavakos in Athens, Florence, Milan, Amsterdam, Moscow, and Tokyo, and at the Salzburg Festival, in addition to duo recitals in the US, Germany, and China; Bach sonatas with Mr. Zimmermann in New York, Amsterdam, Zurich, Frankfurt, Bamberg, and Japan; recitals with violist Antoine Tamestit in Zurich, Frankfurt, and Cologne; and solo recitals in Amsterdam and Munich.

    Born in Rimini, Italy, Mr. Pace studied piano with Franco Scala at the Rossini Conservatory in Pesaro and later at the Accademia Pianistica Incontri Col Maestro in Imola. Jacques De Tiège was another valued mentor.

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At a Glance

Tonight's program is bracketed by the first and last of the nine sonatas for violin and piano that Beethoven composed in a burst of intense creativity between 1797 and 1803. (Another nine years would elapse before he wrote his 10th and final violin sonata.) At the beginning of this six-year period, he was just beginning to make his mark in Vienna as a composer with such relatively lightweight, crowd-pleasing works as the Quintet for Piano and Winds, Op. 16, and the Op. 9 String Trios. By 1803, the composer of the "Eroica" Symphony and the "Waldstein" Piano Sonata had become a major force in the emerging Romantic movement. In the late 1790s, Beethoven focused intensely on the challenge of combining the often brittle brilliance of the contemporary fortepiano with the mellower and more singing voices of the violin and cello.

Much of the D-Major Violin Sonata, dedicated to Beethoven's conservative-minded teacher Antonio Salieri, is cut from the same cloth as Mozart's violin sonatas of the 1780s. Nevertheless, even its comparatively tame language was too wild for some of the composer's contemporaries, one of whom was flummoxed by its "heaping up of difficulties upon difficulties." The Sonata in G Major of 1801-1802 is considerably quirkier, with its unconventional harmonies and bold sonorities. By rights the bracingly virtuosic "Kreutzer" should be called the "Bridgetower" Sonata, since Beethoven wrote it for the celebrated English violinist George Bridgetower. After the two men had a falling out, the composer switched the dedication to the French virtuoso Rodolphe Kreutzer—who, ironically, never played it in public.
Program Notes


Carnegie Hall's Director of Artistic Planning, Jeremy Geffen, discusses Beethoven's Violin Sonatas.


Sonata for Violin and Piano No. 6 in A Major, Op. 30, No. 1 (Allegro)
Leonidas Kavakos, Violin | Enrico Pace, Piano


Sonata for Violin and Piano No. 6 in A Major, Op. 30, No. 1 (Adagio molto espressivo)
Leonidas Kavakos, Violin | Enrico Pace, Piano


Sonata for Violin and Piano No. 6 in A Major, Op. 30, No. 1 (Allegretto con variazioni)
Leonidas Kavakos, Violin | Enrico Pace, Piano

Lead funding for Vienna: City of Dreams is provided by The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
This performance is part of Chamber Sessions III, and Vienna: City of Dreams.

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