Performance Thursday, March 10, 2016 | 8 PM

Orchestra of St. Luke's

Stern Auditorium / Perelman Stage
The warm nights and charms of Spain come to life in this program conducted by Granada-born Principal Conductor Pablo Heras-Casado. Pianist Javier Perianes is the soloist in Falla’s Noches en los jardines de España (Nights in the Gardens of Spain), an evocative portrait of his beloved Andalusia. Two highly atmospheric works for strings, Toldrà’s Vistas al mar (Views of the Sea) and Turina’s La oración del torero (The Bullfighter’s Prayer), conjure visions of the sea and the bullfighting ring. Singer Marina Heredia adds flamenco fire to Falla’s spectacular gypsy-inspired El amor brujo.


  • Orchestra of St. Luke's
    Pablo Heras-Casado, Principal Conductor
  • Javier Perianes, Piano
  • Marina Heredia, Flamenco Singer


  • TOLDRÁ Vistas al mar
  • FALLA Noches en los jardines de España
  • TURINA La oración del torero (arr. for string orchestra)
  • FALLA El amor brujo

  • Encores:
  • FALLA Serenata andaluza
  • TRAD. "De antaño"

Event Duration

The printed program will last approximately two hours, including one 20-minute intermission.


  • Orchestra of St. Luke's

    Orchestra of St. Luke's (OSL) is one of America's most versatile and distinguished orchestras, collaborating with the world's greatest artists and performing approximately 80 concerts each year--including its Carnegie Hall orchestra series, Chamber Music Series at The Morgan Library & Museum and the Brooklyn Museum, and  at the Caramoor Summer Season. In its 41-year history, OSL has commissioned more than 50 new works; has given more than 175 world, US, and New York City premieres; and has appeared on more than 100 recordings, including four Grammy Award winners and seven releases on its own label, St. Luke's Collection. Pablo Heras-Casado is OSL's principal conductor.

    OSL grew out of a chamber ensemble that began giving concerts at the Church of St. Luke in the Fields in Greenwich Village in 1974. Today, the 21 virtuoso musicians of St. Luke's Chamber Ensemble make up OSL's artistic core.

    OSL owns and operates The DiMenna Center for Classical Music in Midtown Manhattan, where it shares a building with the Baryshnikov Arts Center. The DiMenna Center is New York City's premier venue for rehearsal, recording, and learning, having quickly gained a reputation for its superb acoustics, state-of-the-art facilities, and affordability. Since opening in 2011, The DiMenna Center has welcomed more than 100,000 visitors, including more than 400 ensembles and artists such as Renée Fleming, Susan Graham, Itzhak Perlman, Emanuel Ax, Joshua Bell, Valery Gergiev, James Levine, James Taylor, and Sting. OSL hosts hundreds of neighbors, families, and schoolchildren at its home each year for free community events.

    Through its Education and Community programs, OSL has introduced audiences across New York City to live classical music. OSL brings free chamber concerts to the five boroughs, offers free interactive music programs at The DiMenna Center, provides chamber music coaching for adult amateurs, and engages 10,000 public school students each year through its Free School Concerts. In 2013, OSL launched Youth Orchestra of St. Luke's, an intensive in- and after-school instrumental instruction program that emphasizes musical excellence and social development, in partnership with community organizations and public schools in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood.

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    Pablo Heras-Casado

    Musical America
    's 2014 Conductor of the Year, Pablo Heras-Casado enjoys an unusually varied career that encompasses the great symphonic and operatic repertoire, historically informed performance, and cutting-edge contemporary scores. Principal conductor of Orchestra of St. Luke's since the 2012-2013 season, he was also appointed principal guest conductor of Teatro Real, Madrid, in 2014.

    Mr. Heras-Casado is a regular guest with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, San Francisco Symphony, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Staatskapelle Berlin, Munich Philharmonic Orchestra, Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, Mariinsky Orchestra, and Metropolitan Opera. In 2015-2016, he returns to the Philharmonia Orchestra, London Symphony Orchestra, Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, and Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra. He makes his debuts with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Vienna Symphony, The Philadelphia Orchestra, and Israel Philharmonic Orchestra; continues his collaborations with Ensemble intercontemporain, Freiburger Barockorchester, and Balthasar Neumann Chor and Ensemble; and appears at the Mozarteum Salzburg, where he is invited annually for Mozartwoche. The season's opera projects include Rigoletto at the Metropolitan Opera and I due Foscari at Teatro Real.

    In previous seasons, Mr. Heras-Casado has conducted the Berliner Philharmoniker, Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich, New York Philharmonic, Boston Symphony Orchestra, The Cleveland Orchestra, and Mahler Chamber Orchestra. He has also appeared at the Festspielhaus Baden-Baden, Salzburg Festival, and Festival d'Aix-en-Provence, and regularly returns to the Lucerne Festival.

    Mr. Heras-Casado records for harmonia mundi, as well as Deutsche Grammophon's Archiv Produktion, where he is an Archiv Ambassador. He has received numerous prizes for his recordings, including three ECHO Klassik awards, Preis der deutschen Schallplattenkritik, two Diapasons d'Or, and a Latin Grammy. Recent releases on harmonia mundi include Schumann's Violin and Piano concertos with Isabelle Faust and Alexander Melnikov, Schubert's symphonies nos. 3 and 4 with the Freiburger Barockorchester, and Mendelssohn's Symphony No. 2 with the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra. For Archiv, he has recorded a disc of works by Jacob, Hieronymus, and Michael Praetorius, and an album celebrating legendary castrato singer and maestro Farinelli. He also appears on a Sony release of Verdi's baritone arias with Plácido Domingo and a Deutsche Grammophon DVD of Donizetti's L'elisir d'amore from the Festspielhaus Baden-Baden. 

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  • Javier Perianes

    Javier Perianes received the National Music Prize from Spain's Ministry of Culture in 2012. His international career takes him across five continents, with concerts at venues that include Carnegie Hall, London's Royal Festival Hall, Paris's Théâtre des Champs-Élysées, Berlin's Philharmonie, the Moscow Conservatory's Great Hall, and Tokyo's Suntory Hall.

    Highlights of Mr. Perianes's 2015-2016 season include concerts with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Chicago and Boston symphony orchestras, Yomiuri Nippon Symphony Orchestra, hr-Sinfonieorchester, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Radio Filharmonisch Orkest, Tonkünstler-Orchestra, and Orchestre de Chambre de Paris, as well as a month-long tour in Australia and New Zealand. During the 2014-2015 season, he made debuts with the Orchestre de Paris, National Symphony Orchestra, San Francisco Symphony, and BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra. Mr. Perianes has collaborated with conductors who include Daniel Barenboim, Charles Dutoit, Zubin Mehta, Lorin Maazel, Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos, Daniel Harding, Yuri Temirkanov, Juanjo Mena, Pablo Heras-Casado, Josep Pons, Andrés Orozco-Estrada, Robin Ticciati, Thomas Dausgaard, and Vasily Petrenko.

    Mr. Perianes records exclusively for harmonia mundi. His catalogue includes Schubert's impromptus and Klavierstücke; Manuel Blasco de Nebra's keyboard sonatas; … les sons et les parfums, which focuses on works by Chopin and Debussy; and Moto perpetuo, a selection of Beethoven's sonatas. Mr. Perianes's recording of Falla's Noches en los jardines de España and selected solo works received a Latin Grammy nomination, and his November 2014 recording of Mendelssohn's Songs without Words has received unanimous critical praise. Mr. Perianes most recently released a live recording of Grieg's Piano Concerto with the BBC Symphony Orchestra and Sakari Oramo.

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  • Marina Heredia

    Born in Granada, Spain, Marina Heredia has been singing since childhood. She performed in Granada's tablaos, accompanying dancers and guitarists, until she got a career break stepping in for Carmen Linares at a María Pagés show in the city's International Festival of Music and Dance.

    Ms. Heredia has collaborated with renowned flamenco artists, including Arcángel and Eva Yerbabuena, as well as in projects such as Mauricio Sotelo's opera De amore at Carl Orff Hall at Gasteig Auditorium of Munich and at Teatro de la Zarzuela in Madrid. She has performed at the Teatro de la Maestranza in Seville, the Teatro Albéniz in Madrid, the Gran Teatro de Córdoba, the Palau de la Música in Valencia, Strasbourg Music Hall, and the Crystal Palace in Porto, Portugal. Among the prestigious Spanish festivals in which she has appeared are Grec of Barcelona, Bienal de Flamenco of Seville, Madrid Autumn Festival, the Jerez and Ronda festivals, and the International Festival of Music and Dance in Granada. She has performed in both the Munich Biennale and the Spanish indie rock festival Espárrago Rock.

    In 2004, Ms. Heredia received the Andalusian Youth of the Arts Award for her contributions to flamenco in Spain and abroad. She has since released four solo albums: Me duele, me duele (2001); La voz del agua (2007); Marina (2010); and A mi tempo (2013). Marina received the Flamenco National Review's award for Best Album of the Cante Flamenco.

    She debuted the live show for A mi tempo in September 2012 at the Teatro de la Maestranza in Seville as part of the XVII Bienal de Flamenco. The concert included appearances by Mónica Naranjo and the Luis Rivero Choir of the Carnival of Cádiz.

    Ms. Heredia is one of the most requested international artists to sing Falla's El amor brujo, and in recent years she has performed the work with the San Francisco Symphony (2012) and the Chicago Symphony Orchestra (2013)-both conducted by Pablo Heras-Casado.

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FALLA Noches en los jardines de España (Danza del molinero)
Eugene Ormandy, Conductor | The Philadelphia Orchestra

At a Glance

Although Spain has boasted great composers since the Renaissance, it was not until the early years of the 20th century that Spanish composers joined wholeheartedly in the exposition of a nationalistic style based on dance forms and rhythmic gestures derived from flamenco and other traditional sources—and already long-since seized for musical exotica by composers in Russia (Glinka, Rimsky-Korsakov) and France (Bizet, Lalo, and later Debussy and Ravel). And when they did start discovering their own music, it was by way of learning from other nationalists— especially the Norwegian Grieg—of the attractiveness and charm of native song and dance.

Eduardo Toldrá, the least familiar of the composers here, was Catalan through and through, living and working almost all his life in Barcelona and concentrating on music of distinctly lyric character even when purely instrumental.

Manuel de Falla spent his early years studying in Spain, but in 1893, he heard the music of Grieg, which affected his outlook strongly, generating in him “an intense desire to create one day something similar with Spanish music.” Through studies with Felipe Pedrell, he developed ways to blend the Spanish nationalist tradition with the developments of the new music in the rest of Europe. He worked out this fusion in both concert works such as Noches en los jardines de España and in stage works such as the ballet El amor brujo.

Joaquín Turina chanced to meet Falla and Albéniz in Paris, where they imbued him with their passion to express Spanish elements in his music. Thereafter he drew frequently on musical elements from his native Seville, despite the fact that he had left at 20 and never physically returned.
Program Notes
Presented by Carnegie Hall in partnership with Flamenco Festival, Inc.
This performance is part of Orchestra of St Luke's.