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  • Carnegie Hall Presents
  • ZH Zankel Hall
  • SA/PS Stern Auditorium / Perelman Stage
  • REW Resnick Education Wing
  • WRH Weill Recital Hall

Three Generations: Arvo Pärt, Philip Glass, and Steve Reich

Thursday, April 6, 2017 7:30 PM Zankel Hall
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Music of Arvo Pärt, Philip Glass, and Steve Reich is featured in a performance that’s part of Three Generations, a Reich-curated exploration of the changing direction of concert music from the mid-20th century to the present day. Chant-like melodic lines and notes resembling ringing bells are Pärt hallmarks, while Glass’s incandescent String Quartet No. 5 juxtaposes rhythmically propulsive passages with slower, tender ones. Reich’s Different Trains is a riveting work in which strings imitate the sounds of speech samples drawn from recorded interviews and train sounds. This powerful musical documentary speaks to the composer’s childhood and the tragic experience of Jews in 1940s Europe.

Part of Three Generations, curated by Steve Reich.


Elizabeth Lim-Dutton, Violin
Todd Reynolds, Violin
Lois Martin, Viola
Jeanne LeBlanc, Cello
Michael Brown, Piano


PHILIP GLASS String Quartet No. 5
STEVE REICH Different Trains
Performance includes a discussion with Steve Reich and Nadia Sirota, host of Q2 Music's Meet the Composer podcast

Event Duration

The printed program will last approximately one hour without intermission, followed by a discussion with Steve Reich and Nadia Sirota, host of Q2 Music's Meet the Composer podcast.

Public support for Three Generations is provided by the National Endowment for the Arts.

Steve Reich is the holder of the 2016–2017 Richard and Barbara Debs Composer's Chair at Carnegie Hall.

Three Generations: Changing the Direction of Concert Music

I have curated this series of four concerts to demonstrate how concert music has changed from the mid-20th century to the present by pivoting from serial / random chance / atonal music—in which discernible harmony, rhythm, or melody was difficult or impossible to hear—to a powerful restoration of all these musical basics in totally new ways.

The first generation to initiate those changes are now in their 70s or 80s and include Terry Riley, Steve Reich, Philip Glass, Arvo Pärt, and John Adams. The music of these composers then interested a younger generation now approaching their 60s, including Michael Gordon, David Lang, and Julia Wolfe, who formed the Bang on a Can collective. In turn, a still younger generation, now approaching their 40s, took up both of these earlier generations and carried all these ideas even further. This very large generation is represented here by Bryce Dessner and Nico Muhly.

In addition to the performance of their music by several outstanding ensembles—including Ensemble Signal, Bang on a Can All-Stars, and the JACK Quartet—many of these composers will discuss their music after the concerts.

—Steve Reich


Elizabeth Lim-Dutton

Born in Arizona, Elizabeth Lim-Dutton began studying the violin at the age of three; at 11, she started studying with Dorothy DeLay at the Aspen Music School. Three years later, she moved to New York City, where she studied at the Professional Children's School and subsequently earned a bachelor's degree from The Juilliard School and a master's degree from the Yale School of Music. She has performed extensively in the United States, Europe, the Far East, and Australia. For the past 16 years--along with her husband, violist Lawrence Dutton--Ms. Lim-Dutton performs regularly for the Mary and Jim Hoch Chamber Music Series in Bronxville, New York. Established as an outreach program for Concordia Conservatory at Concordia College-New York, the Hoch Series has commissioned new works, involves the community across all ages from youth to seniors, and offers endowed scholarships for music students who cannot otherwise afford musical studies. A member of Steve Reich and Musicians and the Steve Reich Ensemble since 1992, Ms. Lim-Dutton has recorded The Cave, City Life, Three Tales, Daniel Variations, and Music for 18 Musicians on the Nonesuch label, the latter winning a Grammy Award for Best Performance by a Small Ensemble in 1998.

Todd Reynolds

Todd Reynolds has been a member of Steve Reich and Musicians since beginning work on The Cave in 1990, both as violinist and as an occasional conductor. His first tour with the ensemble followed later that year, performing Different Trains. Known as a relentless commissioner of new music and a composer and electronic musician himself, he is an integral part of New York's celebrated fabric of musical innovation, passion, and education. An early member of Yo-Yo Ma's Silk Road Ensemble, founding member of ETHEL, violinist for Bang on a Can, and with his own string quartet a collaborator with Meredith Monk, Mr. Reynolds currently serves on the faculty of both the Mannes and Manhattan schools of music, as well as Bang on a Can's Summer Festival. In 2011, he released a solo double CD, Outerborough, on Innova Recordings to critical acclaim; Inside (one disc of the set) features his own work, and Outside (the second disc) celebrates the work of New York luminaries, written for the record and all produced in the recording studio that is his home.

Lois Martin

Lois Martin began her viola studies with Arthur Lewis at Peabody Preparatory. She completed her undergraduate work at the Eastman School of Music, where she was a scholarship student of Francis Tursi. During that time, she was a member of the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra. She continued her graduate studies at The Juilliard School under the tutelage of Lillian Fuchs. Ms. Martin is a founding member of the Atlantic String Quartet, which is dedicated to the performance of newly written compositions. Her continuing commitment to contemporary music includes performances with the Group for Contemporary Music, ISCM Chamber Players, Ensemble Sospeso, Ensemble 21, New York New Music Ensemble, Speculum Musicae, Da Capo Chamber Players, and Steve Reich and Musicians. On the jazz and popular circuit, she has performed with artists who include Michael Brecker, Randy Brecker, Chris Potter, Ornette Coleman, Esperanza Spalding, Stringfever, Shirley Bassey, Elton John, Paul Simon, Tyne Daly, Gil Goldstein, Don Alias, Richard Bona, Mike Mainieri, Judy Collins, and Roberta Flack. Ms. Martin is currently principal violist of the Stamford Symphony, Amici New York, and Little Orchestra Society. She is a member of the Orchestra of St. Luke's and the American Chamber Ensemble, in addition to frequently appearing with the Mostly Mozart Festival Orchestra and New York City Ballet Orchestra. She is also on the faculty of the Composers Conference at Wellesley College and has taught at Princeton University. 

Jeanne LeBlanc

Cellist Jeanne LeBlanc has appeared as soloist and chamber musician throughout the United States, Europe, China, Korea, and Japan. As principal cellist, she has played with the Cologne Chamber Orchestra, American Composers Orchestra, Spoleto Festival Orchestra, Orquesta Filarmónica de las Américas, and American Symphony Orchestra. In addition to being a member of Steve Reich and Musicians since 1988, Ms. LeBlanc has performed with the New York Philharmonic, the Group for Contemporary Music, New York Chamber Soloists, New York City Opera, and New York City Ballet. She has recorded for Columbia Records (Masterworks), CRI, Nonesuch, and London Records (Argo). As a studio musician in New York City, Ms. LeBlanc has recorded soundtracks for more than 150 feature films. She has also performed and recorded with many artists, including Tony Bennett, Barbra Streisand, Lady Gaga, Michael Jackson, Paul McCartney, Phil Collins, Aretha Franklin, Sting, Elton John, and Elvis Costello.

Michael Brown

Michael Brown earned a 2015 Avery Fisher Career Grant. Selected by Sir András Schiff for his Building Bridges series in 2016-2017, Mr. Brown will make debut solo recitals in Berlin, Florence, Milan, Frankfurt, Antwerp, Zurich, and at New York's 92nd Street Y. Recent highlights include debuts with the Seattle, North Carolina, and New York Youth symphonies; and Flagstaff and Maryland symphony orchestras. Mr. Brown joined the roster of The Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center's CMS Two program in 2015. He regularly performs concerto and solo recitals, and as part of a trio with violinist Elena Urioste and cellist Nicholas Canellakis. Recent commissions of his own compositions include a Piano Concerto for the Maryland Symphony Orchestra and works for the Look & Listen Festival, Bargemusic, Concert Artists Guild, and Lincoln Center's Great Performers. A native New Yorker, Mr. Brown earned dual bachelor's and master's degrees from The Juilliard School, where he studied with pianists Jerome Lowenthal and Robert McDonald, and composers Samuel Adler and Robert Beaser. He won first prize at the 2010 Concert Artists Guild Victor Elmaleh Competition and is now a Steinway Artist. For additional information, visit

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