The MET Orchestra’s new music director conducts a fascinating program of French music that spans the 20th to 21st centuries. Debussy used shimmering colors to create an impression of the sea in his groundbreaking La mer, while Ravel’s Daphnis et Chloé Suite No. 2 enthralled audiences with its visceral excitement. No less stirring is his exotic Shéhérazade, a three-song collection inspired by Middle Eastern imagery. Dutilleux’s songs contemplate time and its passing with music that is intricately constructed and painted in vivid colors.