This evening’s program presents two wildly colorful ballets commissioned by Sergei Diaghilev for his Ballet Russes, as well as a 2016 piano concerto by Gabriela Montero that features dazzling effects and rhythms. Falla’s The Three-Cornered Hat and Stravinsky’s Pétrouchka share a sardonic wit, a saturation in the folk music of their respective cultures, and a riot of virtuosic solos, especially in the woodwind section. The Three-Cornered Hat brought the ancient flamenco tradition into the modern world, invoking dances like the seguidilla and the fandango with innovative rhythmic and harmonic elements. Pétrouchka is famous for the bitonal “Pétrouchka chord” and the slashing syncopations that came to full fruition in Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring two years later. Subtitled “Burlesque in Four Scenes,” Pétrouchka’s nose-thumbing sense of mischief remains its most endearing characteristic. Gabriela Montero’s exciting “Latin” Piano Concerto, like Falla’s ballet, includes a fandango and other fiery dances that retain their authentic flavor even as they undergo contemporary transformations.