The revered Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra returns to Carnegie Hall. Ádám Fischer opens the four-concert residency with Beethoven’s mighty “Eroica” Symphony and more. He returns the next afternoon to lead music by Haydn and Mozart, with Leonidas Kavakos playing the latter composer’s “Turkish” Violin Concerto. Michael Tilson Thomas then steps onto the podium for a program that features Beethoven’s Piano Concerto No. 3 with Igor Levit, Ives’s Decoration Day, and Brahms’s Symphony No. 2. The orchestra’s visit concludes with Tilson Thomas conducting Mahler’s Ninth Symphony.