• Grade 3: Form and Design

  • Musical Mapping—First and Second Endings

    Aim: How are first and second endings used in music?
    Summary: Students explore first and second endings by singing and moving.
    Standards: US 1, 5, 6, 7; NYC 1, 2, 3
    Modality: responding
    Materials: Teacher Worksheet
    Time Required: 15 minutes
    This activity is part of: Music Educators Toolbox

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  • Instructions   |   Going Deeper   |   Video   |   Assessment
  • MET K Instructions Form and Design
    1. Hang road signs with arrows and musical symbols around you room that read Start, First Ending, Second Ending, and Stop.
      MET G3 TW First and Second Endings
      Download Teacher Worksheet:
      Musical Road Signs
    2. Play, sing, or improvise any song with a first and second ending. Lead a few students around the room, singing and following the arrows while others watch. Repeat (rotating students) and stop at each sign to prompt the rest of the class:
      What do you notice about the song when we get to this point? What comes next? Where should we go?
    3. When students are comfortable with the route, first with direction and then on their own, point out and discuss the symbols on the signs.
      These are road signs for musicians. They tell us where to go in our music.
      What visual clues does each symbol tell you about what to do in the music?
    4. Try again with a different song with first and second endings and prompt students to figure out where to go on your classroom highway!
  • MET K Going Deeper Form and Design
  • Compose a short class composition with first and second endings.  
  • MET K Video Form and Design

  • Activity Exemplar: “Musical Mapping—First and Second Endings”

    Summative Assessment Exemplar: “Sight Read a Melody”